At the northern end of the Western Wall is a piece of bedrock that wasn’t even removed before the Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD.
A huge block of bedrock that was never quarried is visible at the end of the Western Tunnel.
The Roman legate of Syria, Cestius Gallus, marched to Jerusalem to attack it, but after initial resistance, his nerve failed him and he ordered a retreat.
The war between Rome and Judea broke out in Caesarea in 66 A.
After learning about the newfound layers, the archaeologists got to work.
"Getting one's hands dirty is all part of building a reliable chronology," said Boaretto, who is also a team leader within the Max Planck-Weizmann Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology.
This is the full report released by the Israel Antiquities Authority.
This late date is not surprising, as at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, usually dated to 30 AD, it was said that this Temple complex had been in building already for 46 years (John 2.20).